Increasing European lighting resources and competitiveness

Energy efficiency

Lighting products are subject to EU energy labelling and ecodesign requirements.

With energy efficient lighting, household electricity bills could fall by €25 per year. By substituting a halogen lamp with an LED, you could save up to €100 over the product’s lifetime of around 20 years. Energy efficient lighting could save enough energy to power 11 million households for one year and avoid the emission of 12 million tonnes of CO2 in Europe.
Emergency lighting and some LEDs designed for very specific uses and sold in very small quantities per year (less than 200) are excluded from these regulations.

Energy labels

Lighting products come with energy labels and information printed on the product. The rating system ranges from A++ (the most efficient) to E (the least efficient).

Commission Delegated Regulation (EU) No 874/2012 of 12 July 2012 supplementing Directive 2010/30/EU of the European Parliament and of the Council with regard to energy labelling of electrical lamps and luminaires


Ecodesign requirements are mandatory for all standard bulbs, fluorescent lamps, and spot lights sold in the EU. These regulations set energy efficiency requirements and other factors such as bulb lifetime and warm-up time.

Latest news, studies and regulations:

  • New Ecodesign rules for light bulbs, applicable from September 2018 – The changes are part of the EU’s Ecodesign Work Programme – see here – which is an element of the EU’s action to put energy efficiency first and to lead the clean energy transition. In June 2018, as part of the Clean Energy for All Europeans package, co-legislators reached political agreement on a new 32.5% energy efficient target for 2030 – see here.
  • Market overview for the phase out from 1 September 2018 of non-directional mains-voltage halogen lamps (study )
  • Market overview for the phase out from 1 September 2016 of directional mains-voltage halogen lamps (COM/2015/443  – study )
  • EU ecodesign regulation for directional lamps, LED lamps, control gear and luminaires (EU) 1194/2012 amended by (EU) 2015/1428
  • EU ecodesign regulation for fluorescent lamps without ballast, ballasts and luminaires  (EC) 245/2009 amended by (EU) 347/2010 and by (EU) 2015/1428